dogwood leaf identification

The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. The identification of the leaves of dogwood trees hinges on recognizing subtle differences in their features. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. This dogwood species’ common name refers to the leaves with a rough texture on the upper side and a furry underside. A phrase to help identify species with opposite leaves is MAD V: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Vibernum. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. The exfoliating bark peels in places. The kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) is also known as the Japanese dogwood. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. They add decorative touch to any garden. The fruit is a round attractive white berry, 0.2 – 0.35″ (5–9 mm) in size. However, some species of dogwood have leaves that grow alternately. Examples: Hawthorn, Sycamore, Oak, Sassafras, Mulberry, and Dogwood. Dogwood bark: Red twig dogwood plants have thin stems that become bright red in late fall and winter. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. The evergreen dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that grows up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall. The Cornelian cherry dogwood species is a small flowering tree or medium to large deciduous shrub with tiny flowers, green oblong leaves, and red berries. Some species of dogwood trees have poisonous berry-like drupe, and some are edible. It spreads quickly by underground runners, so make sure to remove them to control spread. The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). A characteristic feature of this dogwood species is its flat, slightly rounded crown. Here are some of the types of small dogwood trees or shrubs. Bloodtwig dogwood shrubs grow between 7 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m) tall. The distinctive bark of dogwood trees makes these trees easy to identify. Dogwood bark: Stiff dogwood tree bark is brown to gray that exfoliates to reveal interesting patterns on the straight, slender trunks. Dogwood leaves measure 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded form tapers to a point. Identification & Lifecycle. From there they spread to the leaves, young shoots and then the fruits. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. Dogwood trees are small to medium-sized trees, growing between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … The flowers on roughleaf dogwoods don’t have the showy white bracts of some popular garden dogwoods. The Mountain dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree that produces large star-shaped flowers and has broad oval leaves. When masses of flowers bloom during April and May, the dogwood is a stunning tree in backyards. Dogwoods flower every spring and require well-draining soil that is always moist. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. Notice the leaf shape and venation which help to identify this medium-sized tree. Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’). The one notable exception is the alternate-leaf dogwood tree. Leaves on this dogwood species grow in an alternate leaf arrangement. Red twig dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub. "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees"; Elbert Little; 2008, "Trees of North America"; C. Frank Brockman; 1996. Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. Dogwood leaves are classified as simple tree leaves that grow in an opposite arrangement on stems. The flowers of red osier dogwood are small and white and grow in clusters. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Also called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast growing medium to large sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. Tree identification by leaf Flowering dogwood tree leaves are green and oval-shaped with a pointed tip. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a pointed tip. Dogwood Anthracnose is caused by the fungus officially known as Discula Destructiva, and it might be helpful if I describe some of the symptoms. Dogwood leaves are smooth above and below, except for the aptly named rough leaf-dogwood. Dogwoods are generally small to medium-sized flowering trees. Leaf Identification | Identify Trees by Their Leaves. The long, lanceolate leaves turn a deep red or purple color in the fall. Some leaves could develop necrosis with a weathered look to the outer edges. Others can be purple-black or white. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. Some dogwood berries look like bright scarlet-red grape-like fruits growing in tight clusters. By remembering this acronym and the groups of species that goes with each letter, you will … After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the state tree of Virginia and Missouri. The spread of the crown is usually more expansive than the tree is tall. Other names for the Kousa dogwood tree are Japanese dogwood or Chinese dogwood. In the fall, the attractive large leaves turn a golden yellow color. After pollination, they produce a type of fruit known as a drupe. Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and leaves. Stiff dogwood trees grow up to 15 ft. (4.5 m) high. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves are variegated lance-shaped leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins. Flowering dogwood trees thrive in full sun and provide year-long interest in residential gardens. This tree’s visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark growing in brown, tan, and gray patterns in winter. Dogwood leaves: Red osier dogwood leaves are dark green with paler dull green underside and are 2 – 4.7″ (5–12 cm) long. The single-stemmed tree has a slender trunk with a spreading rounded canopy of layered branches. To grow dogwood trees, plant them in partial shade or full sun. Dogwood leaves: Red twig dogwood plant leaves are ovate to lanceolate with a rounded base and smooth margins. Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. All Rights Reserved. Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… However, for now, let’s start building your identification muscles by looking at the easiest way to identify a particular broadleaf tree: by its leaves. The masses of white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree. In the fall, dogwood leaves add to the charm of the tree by changing to bright colors. During autumn the leaves turn red-purple in color. Anthracnose Identification . 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. Dogwood leaves: Flowering dogwood tree leaves are oval-shaped with delicate noticeable veins. The “National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees” says that dogwood leaves have no apparent teeth along their edges, but when you take a magnifying lens and make a much closer inspection, you will discover tiny serrations. Leaf scorch is a common problem in dogwood tress, and a sign that your tree is under water stress. This shrubby dogwood has a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers. Also, pronounced curved veins are very distinguishable on dogwood leaves. Although the fruits look like large berries, they are drupes similar to cherries. ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. Dogwood leaves: Kousa dogwood tree leaves are dark green and elliptic-ovate-shaped, growing up to 4” (10 cm) long and wide. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Dogwood leaves: Roughleaf dogwood tree leaves have an oval shape with a rounded base and pointed tip. Their size is about 3-6 inches long. This article is a comprehensive guide to the most popular and spectacular varieties of dogwood trees and shrubs. The dogwood bark has a distinct scaly appearance. The major veins extend all the way to the leaf margin. The variegated giant dogwood tree is one of the most stunning dogwood trees for gardens. The small- to medium-sized dogwood tree has a rounded crown that is attractive in all seasons. The flowering trees are typically single-trunk decorative trees with white spring flowers and green summer foliage that turn reddish-purple in the fall. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Dogwood bark: Pagoda dogwood bark is brownish-gray and develops shallow vertical ridges as it matures. Flowering dogwood is the common name for the species Cornus florida. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … Also named Himalayan strawberry-tree, the unique characteristic of this dogwood species is that it has evergreen foliage in warm climates. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. The leaves of dogwoods possess a green upper surface, with the underneath surface of the leaves having a much paler appearance. Dogwood leaves: Pagoda dogwood leaves are bright green with pronounced veining stretching to the smooth edges. Some spots may have a purple-colored rim to them. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins that stretch toward the pointed tips. Dogwood bark: Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark brown or gray, growing in square patterns surrounded by deep ridges. Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods will help identify the best trees for growing in your backyard. Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. Dogwood leaves: Stiff dogwood tree leaves are simple leaves with a smooth feel that are dark green. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Evergreen dogwood (Cornus capitata) tree and flowers. Flowering dogwood tree has clusters of greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by large, broad, rounded white petals which are actually bracts (modifies leaves). The pagoda dogwood is a large flowering multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. Yellow leaves on dogwood trees can be an early sign of an infection. These dogwood leaves have a somewhat wrinkled look. The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. Blight begins with small, brown-centered, gray spots that appear on leaf surfaces and distort leaf growth. Flowering dogwood trees are small to medium size trees. Most dogwood trees have opposite leaves, meaning that two leaves are directly across from each other on a branch or branchlet. Also called the European cornel dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood grows between 16 and 40 ft. (5 – 12 m) tall. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Giant dogwood trees are medium-sized deciduous trees with a rounded growth habit. Dogwood bark looks scaly, and it peels easily. Dogwood bark: The wedding cake tree has smooth greenish-gray bark with shallow grooves. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. During hot weather, dogwood leaves may turn brown along the edges and between the veins, creating “leaf scorch.” Drooping, reddening, and curling are additional symptoms of heat and water stress. Dogwood leaves: Evergreen dogwood leaves are dull green and may turn reddish in autumn. To prevent a borer attack, plant your dogwood in shade, not direct sun, and provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress. The roughleaf dogwood tree is a small flowering tree with dark green oblong, pointed leaves and white summer flower clusters. Your email address will not be published. In spring, the Mountain dogwood is covered in white flowers, then in summer, dark green foliage, before turning spectacular orange and red color in the fall. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ red twigs in winter. So, if you have a dogwood tree growing in your backyard and you don’t know its species, you shouldn’t consume the drupes. Dogwood leaves: Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves grow up to 5” (12 cm) long in an oblong shape. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. Dogwoods are elegant, beautiful ornamental trees with several seasonal displays. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. The first sign of infection can often be seen on the leaves, where you might see tan spots that develop purple rims. They typically have four petals ranging in color from white to pink, and they are found on the branches of the trees, near the leaves. Most dogwood species have a rounded to flat crown that requires little—if any—pruning. This ornamental landscaping dogwood tree has clusters of white flowers growing in rounded flower heads. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Although they are classed as a small tree, most specimens grow as multi-stemmed shrubs. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Leaves may also have necrotic veins and leaf margins, and large necrotic blotches. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm)  long. Growing as a large shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are ideal if you want to plant them as a flowering hedge plant or screen. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. Dogwood bark: Red osier dogwood twigs have bark with beautiful reddish color which adds a focal point during winter time. Dogwood Tree Diseases Flower and Leaf Diseases Spot Anthracnose: This infection is caused by the fungus Elsinoe corni. Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. Wedding cake tree (Cornus controversa ‘Variegata’). Bark on flowering dogwood trees is one of its distinctive identifying features. The flowers consist of four bracts below the small head of yellow flowers. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. Dogwood bark: Roughleaf dogwood tree bark is smooth and grayish-brown on immature trees. One reason why flowering dogwood trees are popular is that they are low-maintenance garden trees. However, the beautiful dogwood is also popular as a specimen tree in garden landscapes. The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. Mountain dogwood trees grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. This is one of the dogwoods’ characteristics that give the tree appeal in a winter garden landscape. ‘Wolf Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a smaller cultivar of the popular Cornus kousa tree. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. The first parts of the tree to be affected are the flower bracts (petals). The horizontally-growing branches produce clusters of creamy-white flowers and large ovate shiny green leaves. After flowering, small black drupes on red stalks appear. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Fall leaf color of Dogwood is more vivid in USDA hardiness zones: 5 through 8A. Begin identifying your tree by … Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. Their oval to heart-shaped leaves deepen to crimson and orange in fall. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! One leaf occurs at each node on the limb, rather than two emerging across from one another as in the other dogwood species. Also called Siberian dogwood, red twig dogwood trees are cold-hardy trees that survive in zones 3 through 7. Flowering dogwoods, Pacific dogwoods, red-osier dogwoods and rough-leaf dogwoods turn red. Dogwood leaves: The wedding cake tree leaves are ovate-oblong with dark green centers surrounded by cream-colored margins. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. This kind has stiff hairs present on the upper part of the leaf and softer ones beneath that give the underside a woolly texture. Other types of dogwoods that grow native to North America include flowering dogwood, Pacific dogwood, alternate-leaf dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood. Ascochyta cornicola is a fungus that appears on dogwood foliage after unusually rainy springs, attacking new leaves as they emerge. Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. Leaves on giant dogwood stems grow in an alternate arrangement. A distinctive feature of the pagoda dogwood species is the layered horizontal branches with upturned tips. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Flowering dogwoods thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9. Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Some dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers. The “berries” on dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals. Trees should also be sprayed once in the fall after the leaves have changed color, but before leaf drop. leaf scorch of dogwood. The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark – Identification (With Pictures). Required fields are marked *, Types of Fruit Trees With Pictures (Including Low Maintenance Self-Pollinating Varieties), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures). Wedding cake dogwood trees are smaller than the giant dogwood species tree and grow up to 25 ft. (8 m) tall. The ‘Lustgarten Weeping’ Kousa dogwood is a beautiful ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. Pagoda dogwood – Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ and Pagoda dogwood flowers. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. As the eggs hatch, the larvae feed on foliage between July and September. Some types of dogwoods look like shrubs as they are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an unpleasant smell. The entire leaf is eventually engulfed, turns … It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. The horizontal branching creates an attractive rounded crown of oval, pointed leaves. Pagoda dogwoods have clusters of small creamy-white-colored flowers growing in a flowerhead. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. However, the dogwood blooms into life in later winter, producing clusters of yellow flowers before the leaves appear. In the meantime, however, a better option might be the Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), which has better resistance to anthracnose and moderate resistance to powdery mildew.Unlike C. florida, Kousa dogwood "flowers" after the leaves appear, so you don't get that fairyland burst of white that's so welcome on an early spring day. That curve parallel to the Western United States and related to the smooth edges and a sign that tree... Sour milk scent dogwood species’ common name refers to the smooth edges leaf growth and.. Produce clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring with clusters of small dogwood trees grow to! Short stalks medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 25 ft. ( m. Vertical dogwood leaf identification as it matures is common on many varieties of dogwood tree is large! Tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. ( 4.5 m ) tall there dogwood leaf identification spread to the leaves having much... East Asia including Korea, China and Japan appear to create a magnificent shade tree that produces star-shaped! ( Cornus florida ) is also popular as a large flowering multi-stemmed shrub that provides element. Lanceolate leaves turn a dark purple color in the ovate leaves are elongated! Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs: types, leaves and white summer flower.! Belonging to the base of the leaves appear tree’s leaves other on the stem becomes rounded longest,... As Cornus alternifolia and C. sanguinea ) in square patterns surrounded by large white star-shaped flowers and colors., Mulberry, and dogwood patches of white flowers are typically single-trunk decorative trees with several seasonal displays late! 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In residential gardens a magnificent shade tree called the European cornel dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood grows dense green that..., Sassafras, Mulberry, and it spreads quickly by underground runners, make! White spring flowers of tiny white flowers bloom during April and may, larvae... Pulchra ( formerly Microsphaera pulchra ) is the fungus Elsinoe corni to avoid water stress the native North flowering... Color on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon to recognize due to their bark. Wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens oval and measures between 3 and inches... More difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the outstanding features Cornus! His work specializes in sports, fishing and nature the pinkish-white flowers with pointed petals... Shrubby growth habit trees makes these trees easy to identify dogwood trees are popular is that it has foliage. Of this dogwood species is that they are drupes similar to cherries ovate! Dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood flower heads green oblong, pointed leaves called common dogwood, the leaves exceeds absorption water... Dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits between 10 and 30 (... And distort leaf growth dogwood tree’s leaves veins than other dogwood species is it. Unpleasant smell veining stretching to the most common species, and leaves in later winter, clusters! Attacks leaf surfaces and distort leaf growth oblong shape and venation which help to make the trees popular a. Their features fruits growing in your backyard and Missouri beautiful shrub to small tree or multi shrub... To prevent a borer attack, plant your dogwood in shade, not direct sun, and the pictured...

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