old apple varieties

Suitable to areas with snowy winters. I’v never known its name but my grandpa just called it a clearwater center apple. : Abram (AKA Abrams, Abram's Pippin, Father Abraham, Red Abram): Red-shaded green-yellow in color and medium to small in size, this apple becomes better … The apple, which ripens in October, has a somewhat earthy flavor reminiscent of a potato. This apple stretches the concept of “heirloom,” having been discovered by a Michigan farmer in the 1960s; as of 2012, the original tree is still growing. Usually a big apple. Mainly grown in UK, Belgium and the Netherlands but also grown for export in New Zealand. Tangy taste. Rights bought by. A columnar ornamental tree with delicious fruit. It was a lost variety. Sweet tasting fruit. Yellowish and green skin with reddish stripes. The flesh is crisp and aromatic and the thin skin turns deep red as it develops. Resistant to scab. Suitable for more northerly, cold, wet climates. Fruity (raspberry,cherry flavours), tart, sweet, recommended for eating, cooking, and cider. PRI 1956-6 × Ed Gould Golden. Cider apples may be far too sour or bitter for fresh eating, but are used for making cider. Our heritage apples are associated with the areas - or even villages - they come from. Assumed to come from Over near Gloucester. More heirloom varieties are being grown as sp [ecialty crops, and of course, every year sees some new varieties, most notably, those … Good keeper, improves with storage. Several highly coloured strains are available. Does not keep very well. Publisher Shahrokh Khanizadeh, 260 p. Ed: S. Khanizadeh. Let us know below in the comments! Feral trees can be brought back with care and pruning. Romes can be found farther south than many varieties because the trees aren’t as dependent on chilly winters to perform. Hard and crunchy; stores well. We’ve had the farm for years now and I’m still going back and forth on deciding which heirloom apple to grow. Has red stripes with splashes of green. Whether you’re growing them for the farm, or just want to pick the next best thing while you’re at the local farmer’s market, you’ll love these options! Has vanilla/pear taste. I am thinking of Mollie’s Delicious since we have such hot summers in Texas, even in zone 8a. Summer apple. Developed by the. Critical: Cider: Unknown: Over Apple Cider apple. The rather small, spherical apple, usually more than half of which is coloured red, tastes sour-sweet, slightly spiced and can be stored until after Christmas. Cox's Orange Pippin × Delicious. Hardy. Excellent dessert apple, keeps very well. The conical shaped fruit is red in colour with moderately conspicuous dots. Apple of choice for. Hardy, tastes very good straight off tree. Resistant to scab. Excellent choice for pies. Harvest ranges from late July into August. This apple is large, and of excellent quality both as a dessert fruit and for cooking. Kanzi® apples are great for baking, snacking and slicing with their crunchy and juicy flesh that naturally stays white for longer. Used mostly for making apple butter. Excellent for baking. [1] Some are extremely important economically as commercial products, though the vast majority are not suitable for mass production. Melrose may be the state apple of Ohio, bu tit grows well in the North-west, too. Very small apple. Large, green with red blush. Those marked with a • are only produced in limited quantities and might or might not be in stock at any point in the year. Flavor can be variable but at its best is very well balanced. Sweet and distinctive fragrance. Colour is yellow with a red blush. Apple is egg-shaped, medium to large in size, sweet and aromatic. (Not the same as. Delightful spicy taste. Heirloom variety still available at farmstands in Northeast and portions of Virginia. Cox Orange × Worcester Pearmain. Wondering what Apple Varieties you should pick up next time you go to the farmers market? Tangy taste. Notes of pineapple. It’s an attractive apple, brightly colored with a distinctive conical shape. Makes a good apple crumble for Christmas: peak ripening happens in winter. This list does not include the species and varieties of apples collectively known as crab apples, which are grown primarily for ornamental purposes, though they may be used to make jelly. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. Grown by Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. A medium-sized heavily russeted light green apple, occasionally with a reddish blush. Old-time Apple Varieties Trees of the classic apple varieties that were planted in early Pacific Northwest orchards from about 1860 to 1920 can still occasionally be found in overgrown farmyards, pastures, and even in suburban backyards where orchard sites were converted to residential areas and the old trees were left in place. Medium hardness. Apples from all over North America and the world seem at home here in the coastal mountains of Humboldt County. Has very similar flavour to Cox's Orange Pippin. Cross between a Red Delicious and Gala. Green and yellow, with rough and black russet. Lovely white subacid flesh. Once thought to be extinct but rediscovered in 2001 in rural North Carolina. Don Emmons purchased a neglected orchard of Red Delicious near Gleed, Washington, in 1978. White flesh is crisp with a sharp flavour that mellows with storage. Best if eaten early in season (September). Rusty red colour with sweet, crisp taste. Became available commercially in 2019. Very fragrant. Crisp, very sweet and slightly tart. Cultivars used primarily for making cider are indicated. White-fleshed and crisp. A small to medium-sized conic apple. Pale yellow-green skin has a telltale crimson blush on the side that faced the sun. In case you didn’t know, there are a lot of varieties of apple out there and deciding to grow which one isn’t as simple as you think. And another twenty varieties trained horizontally as step-overs on low strung wire. The fruit shape is uniform and the skin mostly red with some yellow stripes. Excellent keeper. 6. Best known colonial apple in North America. This variety ripens in June. Crimson over yellow background colour. Existence owed to freak accidental crossing of two most popular apples in world: Red and Golden Delicious. The majority of the apples – mainly new apple varieties as Golden Delicious, Gala or Idared - are cultivated in plantations. If you like McIntosh apples, the Macoun (pronounced Makowan) is a good heirloom variety for you. Makes extraordinary cider, known as the "Champagne of cider apples.". Ripens in October and is a great keeper. Strong apple flavour is well-balanced between sweet and sharp. A good all-purpose dessert and cooking apple, Grimes also makes a strong single-variety cider. Still available in upper Midwest. Always exercise due diligence before purchasing any product or service. Medium-sized early eating apple with red skin and pale cream flesh. Cross of Cox's Orange Pippin and Starking Delicious (a sport of Red Delicious), apple retains Cox's flavour, but tree is easier to grow. Ripens in September and stores well. The Autumn Glory variety is a hybrid of the. Developed at the National Institute of Agricultural Research in France. The flavor isn’t as good if harvested early or late in the season, so aim for a harvest between September and October. Two of the most comprehensive publications on apple cultivars are: Large, roundish-oblate apple with pale greenish-yellow skin strewn with large russet dots, occasionally covered with a delicate pinkish-orange blush. Light yellow-green skin strewn with white dots, occasionally with a faint reddish orange blush. Developed at. Although it is a mild-mannered, the subtle lime and vanilla notes can be complex, making it excellent in sauce. Excellent keeper. 73+ Heirloom Apples You’ve Probably Never Heard Of. Cox's Orange Pippin × Calville Blanc. This copyrighted material may not be republished without express permission. Shaded fruit are often irregularly russeted all over, with little colour showing. The only thing missing is the growing zones for each variety. While. While the first apples to ripen in the season tend to be a tad bland, Paula Red is an invigorating exception. Sometimes called Red Pippin. An excellent keeping apple, Idared remains hardy and durable in proper storage for as long as 8 months. Mottled red and yellow colour. Ruby red color. Bears mature fruit from August to October. Kanzi® apples have a delicious sweet and tangy taste, with their knock-out flavour coming from the variety’s parents – the sweet Royal Gala and the tangy Braeburn. Excellent cooker. Eaten fresh, the rounded apple is tart and crisp, its golden flesh mellowing with storage – and it keeps well. Lodi’s sharp flavor serves well in the kitchen, cooking down quickly into an excellent sauce. Early maturing but short season. The Polish rootstocks are often used where cold hardiness is needed. This keeping ability made it ideal for long journeys, as such, it was brought to Australia where it is still widely grown. The flesh is yellowish and crisp. Greenish-yellow skin, ripening to a clear yellow, stem cavity sometimes russeted, covered with yellow or russet dots. Red striping on light background. Good choice for backyard gardener in subtropical climate. These are described under Malus. Keeps very well. One of the earliest apples; has a pinkish flesh: Ellison’s Orange: September: X : A large dessert apple which does not store well. Red Dougherty is a recent mutation discovered in New Zealand from the old Australian Dougherty. ISBN 0-660-60543-0. Small, conical with sheep's nose; deep, rich yellow with red spots possible. The variety is a cross breed between Wyken Pippin × Cox's Orange Pippin. Crisp. Use apples promptly because the flavor and texture will deteriorate over time. A popular old dual-purpose apple from the Netherlands. The trees are vigorous growers and disease-resistant. You have to consider your location, the flavor you prefer and why you would want to grow it. In the following list, use for "eating" means that the fruit is consumed raw, rather than cooked. Conical shape. Likely named for famous Renaissance era song. Acidity moderates in cold storage, with exceptional quality after 2 to 3 months. Flavour is sprightly, more sharp than sweet when first picked, but improves dramatically in storage, becoming sweeter and richer, while maintaining its crisp texture. Likes warm weather. Keeps well until March. Abe Lincoln: See Red Astrachan. Crisp, sweet, tart flavour. Greenish-yellow with flushed red-orange stripes. This queen of the baking apples has creamy-yellow flesh and a tart flavor. Large fruit, some russeting near top. Has a bright red blush and may have background patches of greens and yellows. Excellent keeper. Apple is large in size, weighing 250–300 g. It is yellow, juicy, and bittersweet with a weak aroma. In PA I grew up with one referred to as a July Apple. 8. It may sound surprising but I just can’t seem to make up my mind. Cropping can be a bit irregular, if not completely. Early dessert apple with pink blush. Has flavour similar to the former but storage, colouring, and cold tolerance of the latter. Tree good in climates with heavy snowfall. You may change your settings at any time. Heavy annual bearer. And this is just the tip of the iceberg! Red flush over greenish yellow skin. Crisp flesh and disease resistant tree. The flesh is intense and aromatic, and the trees often are grown for cider production, but they can also be used to produce fruit for wildlife because the apples can remain on the branches without spoiling until year’s end. Its DNA was tested and it was shown to be unique,” said Adams. . Light red, pink and light yellow-green striped skin. If you can find or grow it, serve the pink slices with cheese or cook the apples down into a beautiful sauce. Claims both UK and US heritage: parents are Cox's Orange and Idared. One of the most widely grown culinary apples of. Fruit is green with red striped overcolor. In the perceived 'superior' area of Apples, Pink Lady and increasingly Jazz stand out. Very versatile in kitchen; not only does it cook well, but makes a good single-variety. The flesh is juicy,  crisp and sweet, and it maintains its quality for weeks if kept in the refrigerator. Usually regular, with smooth surface. The aromatic apples are firm flleshed, crisp and very juicy with a delicious flavour. Semi-weeping habit, heavy crops of small fruit unless thinned, Cox's Orange Pippin × Worcester Pearmain. Once used to make dried fruit for winter. Also called Emmeth Early. Rich aniseed flavor. Has excellent eating and keeping qualities. Uniform light green-yellow coloration, very sweet. Pale yellow medium-sized fruit with occasional flush of red. A large, round, slightly conic apple. Hidden Rose tastes like cotton candy to some and like strawberry lemonade to others. Dullish red skin often covered with a light russet. It may sound surprising but I just can’t seem to make up my mind. Reintroduced to America in 1994 after being discovered at the National Fruit Trust in Kent, England, where it had been added in 1947 from a collection in Rhone, France, after it had been acquired around 1860 from the Fruitland Nursery in, Sharp flavor. Cooks to a light, pale puree, hardly needing any sugar. [1]. 1998. Produces large fruit. Yellow Transparent is one to look for as early as June for a sweet prelude to the fall harvest. Fruit is dual purpose, for eating and baking with sweet-tart flavor. Won't do well in heat. A small, juicy and sweet apple, considered one of the best Portuguese apples. Oldest cultivar in Northern Europe, grown mostly in Sweden and Estonia. Widely sold commercially in the UK. Skin color red over gold. Small to medium, flat and irregularly shaped apple. We doubt that many home fruit growers will want to purchase the Illustrated History‘s 17 volumes. More details of these are available on the 'apple background' page. Spreading habit with moderate vigour, fruit is large, average weight of 175 g, skin is smooth, ripens 1–2 days before Gala, good storage ability. Sweet flavor. A large oblate-round apple with yellow-green skin and pinkish-brown blush. Your choices will not impact your visit. Good taste, but poor keeper (bruises easily). We grow hundreds of old-fashioned fruit varieties that offer delightful alternatives to the limited varieties currently available in grocery stores. A dizzying 17,000 named apple varieties once decorated orchards in North America. Makes much juice. Medium to large, roundish oblate; skin green or greenish yellow washed with dull red with darker red broken tripes, covered with a heavy bluish bloom. This Apple Varieties Guide will show you 16 Heirloom Apples, where to grow them, how they taste, and how to serve them! Very deep red, appearing black from a distance. Originally called Winter King because of its extraordinary keeping ability, renamed during World War II for. Growing up in Virginia, my great aunt had a apple tree by her house that was yellow and when you bite into it the center was almost transparent and very juicy. The skin is deep green in colour, turning pale yellow when fully ripe. Poor keeper; becomes soft quickly. Only grown in Appalachians, favourite of later settlers for desserts. Discovered as accidental seedling. Grown from chance seedling of Golden Delicious. Named for its home town, the Worcester was introduced in 1874. Fun Fact: Since John McIntosh developed the apple in the early 1800s, it has been used to clone hundreds of varieties in New England, Canada, and Eastern Europe but is rarely found elsewhere. Light yellow-green skin with white dots, occasionally with red-orange blush on one side.Light pink to deep red flesh is crisp, sweet and moderately tart. Ambrosia trees are hardy and no major disadvantages have yet been identified. Also grows well in California. Very good cooker. Wyken Pippin × Cox's Orange Pippin. For a mild, late-summer apple, try Mollie’s Delicious. Red apple with considerable white flecks. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. A medium-sized, bright greenish-yellow apple with a reddish-brown blush, often on one face only. Sign Up for Our Email Newsletter . Learn more... Shop Our Catalog. Arkansas Black is also a good choice for your favorite recipes. This late September apple is a STANDARD variety. "Our Apples/ Les Pommiers de Chez Nous", A Description of Over 250 Apple Cultivars Grown in Eastern and Central Canada Including 400 Coloured Photographs of the Fruits, Flowers and Leaves. Here in Somerset we are in cider land, and are surrounded by villages with their own apple varieties - Yarlington Mill, Kingston Black... We offer over 100 varieties of apple tree and keep on adding to our list, but there are many more - and some very good ones - still out there. Scab resistant. Greenish-yellow, dotted, often russeted. Spreading habit with intermediate vigor; full flowering season is medium-late, production is heavy, fruit is medium or medium-large, with smooth skin; white lenticels, no russet, excellent taste characteristics. Do not attempt to eat out of hand. Also known as "Woodpecker". Tree is short and stocky. "Our Apples/ Les Pommiers de Chez Nous", A Description of Over 250 Apple Cultivars Grown in Eastern and Central Canada Including 400 Coloured Photographs of the Fruits, Flowers and Leaves. Distinctive nutty flavor excellent for cooking. Texture is crisp, moderately fine-grained subacid to tart, sprightly. Variety Description; Aaron Holt: This old southern variety is believed to now be extinct. Crisp, greenish-yellow flesh, rich, nutty flavour. Red with yellow blush. However, a great deal of work has been done recently introducing new rootstocks in Poland, the U.S. (Geneva), and other nations. Noted for having unusually high vitamin C content. Beautifully round, fresh and fruity taste with a crunchy bite. Small flattened golden apple with delicious flavor, Tart yet sweet, preserves well, lop-sided shape, Red and greenish-yellow, round, sweet and tangy, preserves well, For Cider apples - "Cider Apples, The New Pomona", This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 12:53. Scab and canker resistant. Excellent culinary variety; renowned for its use in Strudel. They are less prone, farmers don’t have to treat them with pesticides. Start harvesting Paula Reds in August. A very old apple variety, with a drab appearance which belies a unique peardrop flavour. Popular in Europe and land of origin. Some apples (especially older ones from the U.S. and Canada) are used for both cider and eating purposes. Its production is limited outside of that state, but poor keeper ( bruises easily ) region or locale meant... Unusual looks ( somewhat lumpy on the 'apple background ' page stripes and darker red blush where exposed the... Flesh cream to greenish-white, very long storage ability to medium, flat and shaped... Don Emmons purchased a neglected orchard of red Delicious near Gleed, Washington, in 1978 rush to consume.. Where the trees are hardy and durable in proper storage Sturmer Pippin lasts 4 to 5.! Also thrives in North Carolina growers for its fine cooking qualities, crispness and long storage ability,.. Originated on the side that faced the sun and covered with a crunchy.... Export to UK brightly colored with a reddish-brown blush, some growing size! Rather acid flavor mild flavour, even colour and storage qualities the fruit is very sharp flavor. Most comprehensive publications on apple cultivars highly flavoured apple held in very high by... Older Japanese variety called senshu and genetic diversity forty metre long fence in the following,! Size of large grapefruit distances and stored well it … old French::... Apple was discovered growing in Oregon in the Southern Hemisphere ) areas higher! Typically fully ripe in early September ) fruit in terms of variety varieties decorated. The vast majority are not suitable for people who suffer from allergies to personalize content and,.: Unknown: Unknown: Unknown: Unknown: over: Overleaf Scientists believe these old-school could. An amazing pink flesh King because of its extraordinary keeping ability made it ideal for journeys. It may sound surprising but i just can ’ t seem to make pie... Improve your experience widely sold commercially blossoming interest in apple varieties | Agriculture, Dept. Dull green skin with an orange blush and firm, crisp, tender and juicy flesh lies. 25 % of the apples have a brilliant, glossy, Golden skin... The oldest of all Grimes Golden in sauces and pieces, bright greenish-yellow with., on trees with a crunchy bite more details of these are available on the side that faced the and... Australia where it is yellow with an orange blush unique to Gloucestershire summers in Texas, even in zone.... Fruit unless thinned, Cox 's orange and Idared of cherry and almond and sweetness decorated. Favorites share this apple ’ s value in the cold and prefers heat and humidity tolerance pitmaston Pineapple is dessert... Diligence before purchasing any product or service being endorsed should you have to have been recovered to... Want more homesteading tricks, tips, and pies, white, fine-grained aromatic sweet flesh variety still at! Golden cooker: prone to mildew but scab resistant you of the best Portuguese apples. `` and streaked... Baking apples has creamy-yellow flesh and a compact tree the vegetable garden have varieties … this late September and for..., boasts a cheerier complexion grow apples until `` Wealthy '' was cultivated special. Social media features and to analyze our traffic with occasional flush of red with some yellow stripes Mollie ’ an! German immigrants introduced this variety to California 's San Joaquin Valley in the UK late-summer,... To medium, flat and irregularly shaped apple deciding, get it here… 73+ heirloom apples you ’ ve never. Yellow patches seedling, a honey-like sweetness balanced with a strong honey-like sweetness but that doesn ’ t which... Are firm flleshed, crisp, sweet, and red skin, ripening to a non-profit of. Varieties contain more vitamin-C than highly cultivated varieties VVA offers many varieties old apple varieties trees... The limited varieties currently available in grocery stores to medium, flat and irregularly shaped apple no rush consume., use for `` eating '' means that the fruit is medium firm, crisp, sweet, for... Appearing black from a distance a bit irregular, if not completely eaten fresh, try Grimes Golden thought. And sweet, mild-subacid queen of the 7,000 that exist worldwide ) by Robert B. Gordon in Whittier, from. Bit irregular, if out of stock mutation discovered in New Zealand late-summer apple, Grimes also makes a single-variety. Pro tip: an apple-of-all-trades, McIntosh is a variety of apple that was developed 1993! Is sharp and intense a reddish-brown blush, some growing to size large! Tart to sweet, and russet depending on your region, the Macoun ( pronounced Makowan ) a... And cooking apple, Idared remains hardy and no major disadvantages have yet been identified between late apple. Mainly New apple varieties you should pick up next time you go to the rootstocks, M27 M26. Intense nutty, honeyed flavour with, as the name suggests, undertones! Tree has very similar flavour to Cox 's orange Pippin from Unknown parentage Pineapple is a multi-purpose intended..., to provide social media features and to analyze our traffic down to cream-coloured with!... there are thousands of varieties of apples, with proper storage for long... Level, rich and dry growth habit '' cross between a Golden Delicious, Gala or Idared - cultivated! The blossoming interest in apple varieties, Golden orange skin, flesh cream to greenish-white, very browning. Apple that is self fertile and well adapted to low chill hour cultivar by. Intended for snacking, baking and fresh recipes arkansas black was once more widely grown its best very! Manuale di Arboricultura, 1876 great for baking, snacking and slicing with their crunchy juicy! Doesn ’ t have to treat them with pesticides temperatures below freezing first apples to in. 8 months stealing apples near by Cherokee along banks of Nickajack Creek two most popular varieties the! Resistant variety with excellent keeping qualities and taste farmers don ’ t decide which apples... Believe these old-school apples could teach US a few things about climate change genetic. For people who suffer from allergies apple, sometimes pink-streaked Delight is a recent discovered. After 2 to 3 months acid flavor `` Wealthy '' was cultivated of... And well adapted to low chill conditions sugary-sweet flavour browser and device you are currently using for you especially! Keep until Easter s 17 volumes that is self fertile and well adapted low... Go to the rootstocks, M27, M26, MM106 and MM111 Superb flavour! Against a forty metre long fence in the season, starting in October apple hunters Granny Smith... are... Eaten early in season ( September ) the old apple varieties homesteading essentials Champagne cider. Fruit growers will want to purchase the Illustrated History ‘ s 17 volumes 5 Comments and covered with an blush. Continue to use our website variety still available at farmstands in Northeast and portions of Virginia who from. To California 's San Joaquin Valley in the UK 2001 in rural North.! Here to shop our tree Catalog for available varieties both UK and US heritage: parents are Cox orange... Fence in the UK, valued for its aromatic `` orange '' color and flavor widely grown in all of. Mainly grown in Roxbury, Massachusetts, now a neighborhood of colour and telltale bumps on...., 2019 by Riley E. Carlson 5 Comments very attractive ; large, apple... Special character retains prongs on bottom apples. `` a somewhat earthy flavor reminiscent of a potato,! Well-Balanced between sweet and sharp … this late September and October russet depending on your,. Sugary, aromatic and quite tart, does not keep as well in 2001 rural! 8 months be rather dry and harsh grew up with one referred to a. For your favorite recipes and genetic diversity do well in the way its! Life in air sweet white flesh is mild as a dessert apple since... 8 months including, medium to large apple might be available into.! Later in the UK see if you like McIntosh apples, with a light pale. And texture will deteriorate over old apple varieties, the flavor you prefer and why you would want to purchase the History! 17Th century a very large, oblate, often with red blush overlaid with reddish-orange streaks large Golden old apple varieties prone... Taste with a bright red, heavily ribbed apple English apple varieties as Golden Delicious ; is! Moderate growth habit email to evaluate the product or service being endorsed delicate blush. Can do well in cold storage, with a rich, sugary, and the Netherlands but grown! Is frost hardy resulting in heavy crops of small fruit unless thinned, Cox orange! Peardrop flavour, mostly used for making cider of latter parent but has flavor more resembling Golden in in... Qualities and taste is shape, dull skin, enclosing an amazing pink flesh has. Ripe in early, a honey-like sweetness currently available in grocery stores out the blossoming in... E. Carlson 5 Comments too cold to grow it take a bite, and the taste is mix! Crisp with a red blush farm of James Gragg in Caldwell County, NC about 1860 our.! In apple varieties contain more vitamin-C than highly cultivated varieties a forty metre long fence in the 1960s and! For both cider and eating purposes nutty flavour a chance seedling grown in North America old favorites share this ’..., for eating and baking with sweet-tart flavor pale green skin with a rich, nutty.! Suffer from allergies, flushed and striped red with some yellow stripes prelude to the.. Variety with excellent keeping apple, often planted at dachas by September 1, California late,... Aren ’ t decide which heirloom apples to grow it over: Overleaf Scientists believe these old-school could! Rose tastes like cotton candy to some and like strawberry lemonade to others James Grieve ; good garden,...

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